Arktispolitik der Arktisstaaten und
der Europäischen Union – Dokumente

3.1 USA

3.1.1 USA National Security Presidential Directive on Arctic Region Policy
US National Security Presidential Directive on Arctic Region Policy, January 9, 2009, published by Federation of American Scientists (FAS)
Quelle: http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd-66.htm

3.1.2 Congressional Research Service - Changes in the Arctic
Congressional Research Service: Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress, written by Ronald O´Rourke, Coordinator, Specialist in Naval Affairs, October 2010, published by Federation of American Scientists (FAS)
Quelle: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41153.pdf

 

3.2 Kanada

3.2.1 Canada´s Northern Strategy
Canada´s Northern Strategy, published by the Government of Canada, 2009
Quelle: http://www.northernstrategy.gc.ca/cns/cns.pdf

3.2.2 Statement on Canada´s Arctic Foreign Policy, Address by Minister Larence Cannon
Canada´s Arctic Foreign Policy Statement, address by Foreign Affairs Minister Lawrence Cannon, August 20, 2010, Ottawa
Quelle: http://www.international.gc.ca/media/aff/speeches-discours/2010/2010-057.aspx?lang=eng&view=d

3.2.3
Vorschläge für
Kanadas Arktispolitik
Ottawa, September 2012. Seit der Gründung des Arctic Council 1996 hatten alle acht Mitgliedsstaaten den Vorsitz inne. Nun ist Kanada, das 1997 bis 1999 als erstes Land den Vorsitz führte, wieder an der Reihe und wird von 2013 bis 2015 das Gremium führen. Wenn der Arktische Rat nicht existieren würde, dann müsste man ihn angesichts der Veränderungen in der Arktis jetzt schaffen, schreibt Michael Byers in seinem Report "Circumpolar Challenges" für das Rideau Institut in Ottawa. Das Munk-Gordon Arctic Security Program hat ebenfalls Vorschläge für Kanadas Vorsitz vorgelegt.
→ Circumpolar Challenges
→ Canada as an Arctic Power

 

3.3 Dänemark

3.3 Denmark - Strategy for the Arctic 2011-2020
Kingdom of Denmark – Strategy for the Arctic 2011 -2020
Quelle: http://um.dk/en/~/media/UM/English-site/Documents/Politics-and-diplomacy/Arktis_Rapport_UK_210x270_Final_Web.ashx

 

3.4 Finnland

3.4 Finland´s Strategy for the Arctic Region
Finland´s Strategy for the Arctic Region
Quelle: http://www.vnk.fi/julkaisukansio/2010/j07-suomen-arktinen-08-finlands-strategy/pdf/en.pdf

 

3.5 Island

3.5 Iceland´s Arctic Policy
A Parliamentary Resolution on Iceland´s Arctic Policy, March 28, 2011
Quelle:  http://www.mfa.is/media/nordurlandaskrifstofa/A-Parliamentary-Resolution-on-ICE-Arctic-Policy-approved-by-Althingi.pdf

 

3.6 Norwegen

3.6.1 Norway´s High North Strategy 2006
Norway´s High Arctic Strategy 2006
Quelle: http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/UD/Vedlegg/strategien.pdf

3.6.2 Norway - The next step 2009
Norway – The next step 2009
Quelle: http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/UD/Vedlegg/Nordområdene/new_building_blocks_in_the_north.pdf

3.6.3 Norway´s North Strategy - German Summary
German Summary
Quelle: http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/UD/Vedlegg/strategity.pdf

 

3.7 Schweden

3.7 Sweden´s strategy for the Arctic region 2011
Sweden´s strategy for the Arctic region
Quelle: http://www.regeringen.se/content/1/c6/16/78/59/3baa039d.pdf

 

3.8 Die Europäische Union und die Arktis

EU-Dokumente 2006 bis 2011

3.8.1 Mitteilung der EU-Kommission Die Europäische Union und die Arktis
Mitteilung der Kommission an das Europäische Parlament  und den Rat "Die Europäische Union und die Arktis", Brüssel 20. Nov. 2008, veröffentlicht von Eur-Lex
Quelle: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0763:FIN:DE:PDF

3.8.2 EU Commission Communication The European Union and the Arctic Region
Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council "The European Union and the Arctic Region", Brussels 20. Nov. 2008
Quelle: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2008:0763:FIN:EN:PDF

3.8.3 Council Conclusions on Arctic Issues Dec. 2009
Council of the European Union, Conclusion on Arctic Issues, Brussels 8. Dec. 2009, published by the European Commission
Quelle: http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/pdf/arctic_council_conclusions_09_en.pdf

3.8.4 European Parliament Resolution of 20 January 2011 on EU policy for the High North
European Parliament Resolution of 20. January 2011 on a sustainable EU policy for the High North (2009/2214(INI)
Quelle: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P7-TA-2011-0024+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN

3.8.5 EU Policy on indigenous Arctic people
EU Policy on indigenous Arctic peoples
Quelle: https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/maritimeforum/content/1833

3.8.6 Northern Dimension Policy Overview
Northern Dimension Policy Overview - the EU, Norway, Iceland and the Russian Federation, published by the European External Action Service (EEAS)
Quelle: http://www.eeas.europa.eu/north_dim/index_en.htm

3.8.7 Political Declaration on the Northern Dimension Policy
Northern Dimension: Political Declaration, Helsinki Nov. 2006, published by the European External Action Service (EEAS)
Quelle: http://eeas.europa.eu/north_dim/docs/pol_dec_1106_en.pdf

3.8.8 Northern Dimension Policy Framework
Northern Dimension: Policy Framework Document, Helsinki Nov. 2006, published by the European External Action Service (EEAS)
Quelle: http://eeas.europa.eu/north_dim/docs/frame_pol_1106_en.pdf

3.8.9 Northern Dimension - Canadian description of EU policy
Northern Dimension/Canadian description of EU policy, published by Foreign Affairs Canada
Quelle: http://www.international.gc.ca/polar-polaire/nd_pol_1106.aspx?lang=en

EU-Dokumente 2012 - Wissen, Verantwortung und Engagement: die Arktispolitik der EU

3.8.10 Europäische Kommission und die Hohe Vertreterin der Europäischen Union für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik: Gemeinsame Mitteilung an das Europäische Parlament und den Rat: Entwicklung einer Politik der Europäischen Union für die Arktis: Fortschritte seit 2008 und nächste Schritte, Brüssel 26. Juni 2012
http://www.arctic-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Die-Arktispolitik-der-EU-2012-Pressemitteilung.pdf
http://www.arctic-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Die-Arktispolitik-der-EU-2012-Dokument1.pdf

3.8.11 Begleitendes Arbeitspapier: The inventory of activities in the framework of developing a European Union Arctic Policy, Brüssel, 26. Juni 2012
http://www.arctic-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/EU-Policy-2012-Inventory-of-activities.pdf

3.8.12 Begleitendes Arbeitspapier: Space and the Arctic, Brüssel, 26. Juni 2012
http://www.arctic-report.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/EU-Policy-2012-Space-and-the-Arctic.pdf

3.9 Russland

Overview Russian Arctic strategy:
Quelle: http://www.geopoliticsnorth.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84&Itemid=69&limitstart=2

Russian Arctic strategy (in Russian only)
Quelle: http://www.scrf.gov.ru/documents/98.html